Pepper at the direction of American bandleader John Philip Sousa (after whom the instrument was then named), it was designed to be easier to play than the concert tuba while standing or marching, as well as to carry the sound of the instrument above the heads of the band. Sousaphone is a type of tuba. This bell configuration remained the standard for several decades and is the standard today. Some larger sousaphones (Monster, Grand, Jumbo, Giant or Grand Jumbo, depending on brand) were produced in limited quantities. The sousaphone was initially developed as a concert instrument rather than for marching. In the 1920s and 1930s, four-valved sousaphones were often used by professional players, especially E♭ sousaphones; today, however, four-valved B♭ sousaphones are uncommon and are prized by collectors, especially those made by Conn, King (H.N. So, what makes tuba and sousaphone so different? Warren G. Harding, the 29th President of the United States, was a sousaphone player who played well enough to join the band celebrating his election.[8]. Tuba is a brass instrument with three to six valves and wide bell facing upwards. The sousaphone (US: ) is a brass instrument in the same family as the more widely known tuba. Like the tuba, sound is produced by moving air past the lips, causing them to vibrate or "buzz" into a large cupped mouthpiece. Depending on the model, the fiberglass version does not have as dark and rich a tone as the brass (King fiberglass sousaphones tended to have smooth fiberglass and a tone somewhat more like a brass sousaphone; Conn fiberglass sousaphones often had rough fiberglass exteriors and a thinner sound; the Conn is also lighter). Some sources credit C.G. The excellent quality sound is projected and it gives a flawless performance. Nat Mcintosh is the sousaphone player and co-founder of Youngblood Brass Band, who play a mixture of traditional New Orleans style brass band music and hip hop. The standard tuba has about 16 feet of tube. Many people tend to confuse these two instruments since they have a wide conical bore; however, their size is a notable key difference between euphonium and tuba. Conn with its construction, because of the first sousaphone he built later in 1898. In large marching bands of the United States, the bell is often covered with a tight fitting cloth, called a sock, which enables the sousaphone section to spell out the school's name, initials, or mascot. John Philip Sousa was a benefactor of the University of Illinois music program and a friend of the university's Director of Bands Albert Austin Harding. John Philip Sousa, the famous American conductor and composer of many marching tunes, came up with the idea for the sousaphone. The contrabass bugle (usually shortened to contra or simply called the marching tuba) is the lowest-pitched brass instrument in the drum and bugle corps and marching band hornline. What kind of sound are you looking for? The first sousaphone was built by James Welsh Pepper in 1893 at the request of John Philip Sousa, who was dissatisfied with the hélicons in use by the United States Marine Band. University of Idaho Vandals Sousaphone Section. It is made in India. Both the tuba and sousaphone are semi-conical brass instruments. For the last 20 years The University of Idaho Vandals Marching Band Sousaphone section all wear long skirts that were originally used by the 1948 University Women's Chorus. Sousaphone is a type of tuba. We are grateful to the Philharmonia orchestra's Sound Exchange for many of the sound samples in the notes sections of the C:T sound bank While the degree of bore conicity does affect the timbre of the instrument, much as in a cornet and trumpet, or a euphonium and a trombone, the bore profile of a sousaphone is similar to that of most tubas. Most sousaphones are manufactured from sheet brass, usually yellow or silver, with silver, lacquer, and gold plating options, much like many brass instruments. The new instrument had an oversized bell pointing straight up, rather than the directional bell of a normal hélicon. Brands like Zweiss with older British designs make affordable sousaphones that have broken the €500 barrier. There are numerous types of tubas, and the ones made specifically for marching usually have a lead pipe that is manually screwed on right next to the valves. 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