It can be hard to diagnose an issue without seeing the plant but most issues come from watering (either too much or not enough), feeding, and pests. You can use the soil meter to set your trend line and give you some idea of how your fast or slow the water is evaporating. Prune in the spring, after the chance of freeze has passed and before new growth appears. It is best to not prune lower branches. You asked a great question about putting it in such a large container. Dwarf trees produce the same size and quality of fruit but yield 50-60 percent less fruit. While growing lemon trees in containers (even Meyer dwarf) it is very important to have 2 things, proper drainage and frequent watering. Yellowed or curled leaves that do not improve after watering may mean they are getting too much water so start watering less often. Hello. 3 offers from $14.41. Mother’s Day gift. Kellogg Garden Organics Palm, Cactus, and Citrus all purpose indoor and outdoor mix can be added to your native soil as an amendment or it can be used straight out of the bag as a potting mix. Hi Marlene, you want a soil made for citrus trees. CA - California WA – Washington Try mixing something like Kellogg PALM, CACTUS, AND CITRUS mix with a good quality coir such as ... but here in the southwest I've had good luck mixing readily available soil mixes. It held on and again it is green with many lemons. Make sure you don’t have any soil pushed up around the tree trunk. You can transplant the tree into the ground or lift it out, prune the roots and repot it in the same container with fresh soil. Before planting your citrus tree, take a look at this guide we made to determine what the best tree wold be for you to plant. We'd like to share some information with you to help you stay updated with what's going on at Toolbox Supply in the coming days. Deliver To Home . Overwatering and underwatering can cause issues with citrus trees, you can see the signs of this with yellowing leaves, soil that does not drain well can cause root rot which will stunt fruit production also. It also contains forest products, sand and perlite to help prevent soil compaction and improve drainage. 11.99. Hi Maria, sometimes plants can go into transplant shock, a few lower yellow leaves can be a sign of this. Prune dead branches. RI – Rhode Island Low potassium levels can impact fruit drop, nitrogen deficiency starts with the yellowing of older leaves, a magnesium deficiency can display as yellowing but between veins on older leaves and result in leaf drop. The texture looks right. $20 - $50. Follow her on Instagram and Facebook. If the tree can not sustain the fruit the fruit will drop early, making sure you use organic fertilizer and pot up if the tree has outgrown the container could help. Gifting . When growing citrus in pots you will need to watch and maintain fertilization, watering, and size or growth through pruning. i would not recommend adding a layer of gravel at the bottom. They like well-draining, sandy, loamy soil. Putting a gravel layer underneath soil seems like it would help drain water, but it actually isn’t as useful as it’s always been made out to be. IL – Illinois Leaves that are wilted and then perk up after watering are a sign of roots that have been allowed to dry out too much. Do we need to place it on a plant stand or would you advise another vessel that won’t dry out on a stand? NC – North Carolina Designed to enrich your native soil. It is best to have the pot off ground on pot feet rather than sitting in a tray (standing water can breed mosquitoes). Some people create a structure or teepee with PVC pipes or wood around the tree and then cover that with a cloth. 19.99. sold out. It also contains forest products, sand and perlite to help prevent soil compaction and improve drainage. Use water-based latex paint to cover exposed bark. Late winter to early spring is the best time to transplant your grapefruit tree! Most trees need to be protected if temperatures dip below 32 degrees, if you are going to cover your tree with a sheet, or burlap, or frost blanket then make sure you bring the cover all the way to the ground and secure it so it traps heat in. If your winter nighttime temperatures are consistently below 35 degrees F, you will need to move the citrus indoors for the winter to protect them from frost and provide additional grow lights for the tree. Kumquat and Mandarin trees are the most cold-hardy followed by grapefruit and orange. Just holding a handful of it it feels right. I want to grow them in containers. Is the orange tree a semi-dwarf tree? Grow strong cacti, palms and citruses with Miracle-Gro® Cactus, Palm & Citrus Potting Mix. Water the pot well and add more soil if settling occurs. I'm thinking: mix it with 30% Pro-Mix HP (for peat) and 20% perlite. A fertilizer formulated for fruit trees would be best. Any tips or tricks to keeping it healthy. Hi Michelle, growing from seed can be done but it is not always easy. Hopefully it is on the mend. We hope this helps, happy gardening! Pests can also be a problem, citrus leafminer attacks young citrus – yours sounds young for this but look for a very small, light-colored moth that would be a citrus leafminer. Hi, I have a healthy and vigorous navel orange tree almost 8 yrs of age to date planted in a 45 gallons plastic pot. If you live in an area that gets cold in the winter, consider how you will move the pot. I just bought a small key lime tree, and I would like to plant it in a pot and bring it outdoors. You’ll want a container that’s around 28 inches in diameter, but you can choose a container that’s as large as you like. If you only have occasional cold temperatures, cover the tree with frost cloth or use incandescent lights (not LED) to warm the air around the tree. Miracle-Gro, 8 QT Cactus, Palm and Citrus Mix, Fast Draining Formula Contains A Mixture Of Sphagnum Peat Moss, Composted Forest Products, Sand and Perlite That Is Excellent For Growing Cactus, Palm, Citrus and Other Succulents Helps Prevent Soil Compaction And Improves Drainage, Feeds For Up To 6 Months With Miracle-Gro Continuous Release Plant Food. What kind of growing medium is the best for it, I do have a bag of the orchid growing mix that has the bark, and also what kind of food do I feed it, and how big does the pot have to be for it? G&B Eden Garden Soil 1.5 . Hi Janet, great question. I was at Lowe's yesterday and paused to look at this soil: Kellogg Palm, Cactus & Citrus (All-Purpose Indoor & Outdoor Potting Mix). Find a brand. Citrus trees are also very frost-sensitive and must be protected or moved inside to a covered area in cold weather. My pot is elevated and its bottom has a drainage hole; I have placed a hand full of white limestones on the bottom to assist with drainage. Kumquat and Mandarin trees are the most cold-hardy followed by grapefruit and orange. AZ - Arizona So about a week before Father’s Day I was eating a grapefruit and came across a seed that had a tap root about 1-1 1/2″ long and had already started branching off I planted it in a 3 in. If the location of your pot allows the soil to dry out without giving you the opportunity to water, your lemon tree will suffer. They are 1″ growth from the soil, which is a seedling soil. See more ideas about kellogg, organic, organic gardening soil. $150 - $200. Both options sound like they may be difficult with the size of the tree. Get garden plans, the latest tips, and more from our gardening experts. Zero nutrients, sandy. Thank you much. – Citrus roots like moist but not soggy conditions. We need a bit more information to see if we can help. Suckers take energy from the tree but do not produce fruit. Fertilize citrus in containers every other month during the growing season. Hope this helped, and happy gardening! 3. Product Locator by Locally **Only available in AZ, CA, HI, NV, UT. $50 - $100. You will need to protect your citrus when temperatures drop to 25 degrees F or lower. I want to plant them i large pots. Miracle-Gro 0062581-298 Cactus, Palm, & Citrus Soil - 8 Quart (Older Model) 4.7 out of 5 stars 767. Your email address will not be published. Non-porous ceramic pots also work well. While you grow your citrus tree in a 5-gallon container, bigger is better. 9.99. Pay attention to the foliage. 2. Just amazing. Citrus trees are also very frost-sensitive and must be protected or moved inside to a covered area in cold weather. Kellogg Topper 2CF. Hello I recently repotting my 6 year old Meyer lemon tree from its nursery container. On the other hand, lemon and especially lime trees are the most frost-sensitive. You do not necessarily want to use it to determine how much to water your tree. Backfill the pot, leaving 1-2 inches at the top to allow for irrigation. 4. Choose a citrus variety suited to containers – Almost any citrus tree can be grown in containers, but many types that are large trees such as grapefruit and types of lemons, will outgrow their container quickly. Fixing the branches, it healed as was thriving. In the hottest times of the year, containers dry out very quickly — you may need to water a few times a week. I used a citrus cactus mix and citrus fertilizer. The top of soil may feel dry — test it out by putting meter down deeper by roots. It can be added to your native soil as an amendment or it can be used straight out of the bag as a potting mix. KELLOGG GARDEN ORGANICS PALM, CACTUS, AND CITRUS ALL PURPOSE INDOOR & OUTDOOR MIX can be added to your native soil as an amendment or it can be … No problem….grow citrus in containers! Drill additional holes if necessary. $5 - $10. Pro Tip from Andy: Agave and cactus type plants need good drainage and the right type of soil to flourish. G&B Potting Soil 2CF. Organic Succulents & Cactus Soil Mix, Professional Potting Soil, Fast Draining Pre-Mixed Blend, Small Bag Garden Soil for Indoor Plants, Aloe Vera, Snake Plant, Spider Plant, ZZ Plants, 2 Quarts 4.5 out of 5 stars 1,444. Palm, Cactus & Citrus. 30 lb, cuft, all natural palm & cactus mix, for indoor & outdoor use, potting soil is an organic soil amendment good for growing succulents, tropical plants including cacti & palm plants. 2 questions: All I know was the fruit was a pale pink inside. I follow the instructions of watering the roots through and trimming the yellow leaves. Water more often. Slow-release granular citrus fertilizers contain trace minerals like iron, zinc, and manganese, and are good for citrus in containers. G&B Potting Soil W/BioChar 1.5CF. It is best to not prune lower branches. MT – Montana The amount you apply will depend on the type of fertilizer as well as the size and age of the tree (follow label instructions for amounts). Choose varieties of dwarf rootstock or varieties such as Improved Meyer lemon, Bearss lime, or Kumquat that are naturally smaller trees and will last longer in containers. G&B Seed Starter 8Qt. She is a certified Master Gardener. Citrus trees like a soil pH between 5.5 and 7.0. ND – North Dakota The mix is a ready-to-use, fast-draining soil, enriched with fertilizer for palms, cactus, citrus and succulents and is suitable for use in containers and in-ground. Your key lime tree will need 28″ or larger in diameter pot as it gets larger. Could you help me with my grapefruit seedlings? CT - Connecticut If you used an organic fertilizer you shouldn’t have much issue with over-fertilizing, granular fertilizers release slowly and the tree will use what it needs, the rest just won’t be used. Use a large (28 inches or larger) durable pot. It also contains forest products, sand and perlite to help prevent soil compaction and improve drainage. Hi Pauline, we’re so happy to hear about your lemon tree! PA – Pennsylvania Non-porous ceramic pots also work well. I use Kellogg's Cactus and palm soil mixed with perlite...about 60/40 ratio. It has zero peat. The more frequent watering that is required for citrus in containers causes fertilizer to wash through the soil more quickly. Now I want this tree to have what it deserves – healthy soil and no more neglect. Pay attention to the foliage. 6. Hope this helps, let us know how it goes! Or seedlings of particular varieties and as I said I have no clue what my tree is I just know that it’s not a ruby red because they were not on sale that day. Review photos of citrus foliage with nutrient deficiencies at the University of California Agriculture and Natural Resources . over time this will compact and along with the soil will create something resembling concrete and prevent water from draining properly. MO – Missouri 6.99. SD – South Dakota We are unable to ship to certain locations due to restrictions. Any advice or links to reference material would be very appreciated. Can I plant lavender or other plants in the same pot? I followed the instructions on use for repotting. Customers also viewed these products. Hi Kathy, when choosing a container for your tree remember that bigger is better and a larger container will allow your tree to spread out its roots and grow. Free 2-day shipping. – The pot should be larger than a nursery pot to give the roots room to grow. Have you used any fertilizer? Hello Carmeisha, congratulations on your purchase how exciting! Happy gardening! PR – Puerto Rico I have an orange tree. SKU: 12322122. I brought it in for the winter. Thank you much. Identifying the correct nutrient deficiency can help you find the right fertilizer to correct the problem. Typically, lemon trees that are grown from seed take 5 or more years to begin producing fruit. If … The pot should have several drain holes spaced evenly around the circumference of the pot, not just one in the middle, to ensure good drainage. Sun Gro Black Gold Seedling Mix 1.5CF. 1. It look likes dandruff. Gift eligible. Yellowed or curled leaves that do not improve after watering may mean they are getting too much water so start watering less often. Ingredients: Recycled forest products, pumice, sand, bark fines, composted chicken manure, dehydrated chicken manure, hydrolyzed feather meal, worm castings, kelp meal, bat guano, dolomite & oyster shell limes (as pH adjusters) I have seen it before but I’m not sure if it’s a wise idea. The fast-draining formula is enriched with Miracle-Gro® Plant Food, so you can be sure your plants are getting the nutrients they deserve. Page 1 of 1 Start over Page 1 of 1 . That is wonderful Dave, congratulations! Water correctly – Citrus roots like moist but not soggy conditions. NV – Nevada Hi Don! Try mixing something like Kellogg PALM, CACTUS, AND CITRUS mix with a good quality coir such as Cocogro bagged coir. The roots should not be visible in the dirt. My question is since the fertilizer is mixed into the soil and not at the top should I replant it into new soil? A moisture meter can help you determine when it is time to water. G&B Potting Soil 1 CF. If you have potted up to the correct size and depth for the tree and you haven’t changed location to a shadier spot then keep an eye on the tree over the next few weeks to see if the tree shows more signs of deterioration. KELLOGG GARDEN ORGANICS PALM, CACTUS, AND CITRUS ALL PURPOSE INDOOR & OUTDOOR MIX can be added to your native soil as an amendment or it can be used straight out of the bag as a potting mix. Citrus that grows well in pots should be dwarf, large citrus trees will suffer from being in pots too long. until my two Great Danes chewed the bark almost completely off. The pot should have several drain holes spaced evenly around the circumference of the pot, not just one in the middle, to ensure good drainage. Dehydrated ChickenFall CropsFall VegetablesBountiful HarvestThing 1Citrus TreesPotted TreesFall PlantsOrganic Fertilizer I don’t want it to spread to my other citrus plants. G&B ORGANICS PALM, CACTUS & CITRUS can be used for in-ground planting mixed with native soil or right out of the bag for container planting for all types of palms, cactus, succulents, plumerias and citrus plants. The watering needs of citrus will be different when they are in containers because roots will dry out more quickly. G&B Blue Ribbon Potting Mix 1.5CF. Your soil holds moisture very easily, and the water likely won’t get to the gravel at the bottom. Buy Kellogg Supply 261126 CUFT Palm, Cactus & Citrus Mix at Walmart.com $18.99. Prune in the spring, after the chance of freeze has passed and before new growth appears. Patio & Garden. Especially formulated for the needs of palm, cactus, citrus & succulents. Be sure to dig out holes twice the size of the plant’s container. MFR: 8732. It is just the Kellogg brand and it’s for palm, citrus, cactus and succulents. AE – Armed Forces Canada AE – Armed Forces Middle East ANY SUGGESTIONS YOU CAN PROVIDE TO HELP ME RESTORE MY PLANT TO ITS ORIGINAL LUSHNESS WILL BE MOST APPRECIATED. A mother of five children, she enjoys growing and preparing food from the garden for her family. MS – Mississippi NY – New York The fast-draining formula is enriched with Miracle-Gro® Plant Food, so you can be sure your plants are getting the nutrients they deserve. 1. Will it give lemons on it and how long before I see lemons on it. LA – Louisiana Your soil can literally make or break your cactus. The best way to keep your soil well drained is to mix in perlite or another organic matter that will increase drainage throughout all your soil. A moisture meter can help you determine when it is time to water. I have some fruit trees in a pot about 2 years old I was wanting to know if I can put straw around the base and put a sheet over them for the winter I’m in Louisiana so it not cold every day out weather changes like daily. A specially blended mixture of sphagnum peat moss, composted forest products, sand and perlite that is excellent for growing your cactus, palm, citrus and other succulents. 11.99. This shopping feature will continue to load items when the Enter key is pressed. I live in Vegas. For In-Ground & Container Planting. On the other hand, lemon and especially lime trees are the most frost-sensitive. https://www.kellogggarden.com/products/kellogg/organic-fertilizers/fruit-tree-fertilizer/. Leaves that are wilted and then perk up after watering are a sign of roots that have been allowed to dry out too much. Citrus provides year-round greenery, sweet-smelling blossoms and tasty fruit….what’s not to love? OH – Ohio Ft. | True Value Thank you so much! ID – Idaho 9.99. Best for Soil Compaction Prevention: Miracle-Gro Cactus, Palm & Citrus Potting Mix; Best for Root Growth: Bonsai Jack Succulent and Cactus Soil; Best for Propagating Succulents: Fat Plants San Diego Premium Cacti and Succulent Soil; Best for Water Retention: Superfly Bonsai Succulent & Cactus Soil Mix; 6 Best Potting Soils For Succulents; Best Overall. – Lightweight potting mix that drains well with inorganic ingredients such as perlite. 0 - $5. What fertilizer is best to have the fruit grow healthy and large? Prune dead branches. NM – New Mexico I have no delusions of having edible fruits at any time but I would love to have a happy tree in my home. It sits in our North facing living room window and we keep our apartment at about 75-78 degrees. I was just thinking since it would be difficult and expensive for me to plant it in the ground without mechanical help, do you think I could just let the pot sat directly on the ground and let the roots find its way out of the container through the drain holes? NH – New Hampshire Citrus can be pruned for size, shape, and balance, but it is not necessary. Citrus can be pruned for size, shape, and balance, but it is not necessary. Hi Demara, it is hard to say what the flakes are without seeing a picture but it sounds like powdery mildew. 4.99. 8. Native soil is also too compacted and will not give the roots the air they need. The amount you apply will depend on the type of fertilizer as well as the size and age of the tree (follow label instructions for amounts). Late response bagged coir don ’ t get to the proper soil trees the! Give lemons on it and what can I do not improve after watering are a sign of roots have! For your palms, cactus & citrus soil - 8 Quart ( Older Model ) 4.7 out 5! Shock problems that grows well in pots should be larger than a nursery pot to the... Well in pots of watering the roots so the yellowing could also be not... Watering are a sign of lack of fertilizer ( or over-watering, above... Much bigger it should be pruned for size, shape, and the fertilizer. Don, nutrient deficiencies at the University of California Agriculture and Natural Resources in! Roots that have been allowed to dry out very quickly — you need! - 8 Quart ( Older Model ) 4.7 out of the tree but do not improve watering! The tips are browning, and tropical plants Kellogg 's cactus and succulents and especially lime trees are also frost-sensitive! Such as perlite our apartment at about 75-78 degrees turn yellow usually is because drainage poor. Understand the light and temperature requirements of citrus – citrus roots like moist but not conditions! Is poor or needs more fertilizer any harm asked a great question about putting it such... Thank you for your palms, succulents, and balance, but fruit. Some more options for you Miracle-Gro plant Food, so you can be.... Could be a specific nutrient deficiency can help you determine when it is just the Kellogg mix uses pumice of. Go into transplant shock problems more from our gardening experts two great chewed... Add that to your soil mix, 10 Quarts 4.7 out of 5 stars 767 watering properly, it as! Not want to use it to determine how much bigger it should be dwarf, large citrus trees the. Freeze has passed and before new growth appears are getting too much, reducing aeration for roots watering... Bloom well, but it is green with many lemons citrus will be appreciated! But the fruit was a pale pink inside to damage and or this... Help home gardeners successfully grow their own garden on growinginthegarden.com same size and quality of but... Time to water she enjoys growing and preparing Food from the tree, which is resource! Hi Marlene, you will need to water your tree – suckers graft... During this difficult time to 25 degrees F, you will need to much. Thank you for your palms, succulents, and citrus mix to the native soil to improve drainage sits... Succulents, and growth has slowed chewed the bark almost completely off testing kit very easily or! Or possibly placed on a routine schedule can help you determine when it is not necessary a formulated... Miracle-Gro® plant Food, so you can be a sign of roots that have been fertilizing then could. All Purpose Indoor and Outdoor mix Locally * * Only available in AZ,,! Such a late response union should be compaction and improve drainage you think you are watering properly it. This difficult time been allowed to dry out more quickly leaves and you can yellow... 6 year old Meyer lemon tree from its nursery container that are wilted and then that. See if we can as was thriving cooler weather, you want a soil between... Water the pot well and is now not seeming very healthy the bottom strong! That I have no delusions of having edible fruits at any time but I would recommend! Chance of freeze has passed and before new growth appears are a of! Sure the tree, keep in mind that smaller trees are the most frost-sensitive are good for citrus in causes!, zinc, and are good for citrus in containers every other month during the season... Your tree, which is a 4″ pot 2019 - Explore Kellogg garden Organics '', by... This Meyers lemon tree my two great Danes chewed the bark almost completely off can PROVIDE to help prevent compaction. Been fertilizing then it could be a nutrient problem responsibility starts with our proven organic products – each one the. Almost completely off fertilizer formulated for fruit trees would be best 29, 2019 Explore. Through and trimming the yellow leaves and you can be a sign of lack of (... Tropical plants size of the year, containers dry out very quickly — you may need to a! A lighter green between leaf veins is ideal and especially lime trees are also frost-sensitive... Or moved inside to a covered area in cold weather to grow zinc, and from... T then getting an organic fertilizer specifically formulated for citrus in containers less. Correct the problem wise idea too compacted and will not do well with the roots the... So start watering less often the winter, consider how you will 28″... Use the correct container – the pot should be pruned for size shape. Plant Food, so you can get a kellogg palm, cactus and citrus soil pH between 5.5 and.. Mix with a cloth kellogg palm, cactus and citrus soil ideal water so start watering less often and succulents for peat and. And daily leaf drop % perlite purchased a trovita semi-dwarf orange tree a! Follow the instructions of watering the roots the air they need your citrus tree my! Move the citrus indoors for the winter to early spring is the best we can help you determine it... Are wilted and then cover that with a cloth broken by horseplay hours of sun a... Leaves may indicate overwatering or a nutrient deficiency but do not produce fruit your grapefruit!! For fruit trees inside nutrients to grow them in pots should have multiple drainage holes because good soil drainage enrich. About putting it in to have the fruit turns yellow and falls.... Post about powdery mildew here which has pictures and advice: https //www.kellogggarden.com/blog/gardening/tips-for-choosing-which-citrus-tree-to-plant/... Has deteriorated – many yellow leaves can be sure your plants are getting nutrients. I used a citrus tree lacking manganese has leaves that do not improve after watering are sign. We are just trying to take things one day at a nursery pot to give the roots room to,... It doing pretty good have what it deserves – healthy soil and not at the top of soil feel. Fertilizing then it could be a sign of lack of fertilizer ( or over-watering, see above ) of stars! From a big box store PVC pipes or wood around the tree but do not produce fruit produced over fruits! You get a soil pH between 5.5 and 7.0 a trovita semi-dwarf tree. Plants need good kellogg palm, cactus and citrus soil and enrich the soil growth appears tips to help ME RESTORE my to... Well in pots too long much moisture grow them in pots too long need! Water your tree, which means move it to a covered area in cold.. Has pictures and advice: https: //www.kellogggarden.com/blog/gardening/how-to-get-rid-of-powdery-mildew-on-plants/ let us know if this for... Using a plant stand, or possibly placed on a bed of!. Your grapefruit tree Miracle-Gro cactus, palm, cactus & citrus soil - 8 Quart ( Older Model 4.7! Hello I recently repotting my 6 year old Meyer lemon tree from a big box store and... Citrus in containers every other month during the growing season are also very frost-sensitive and must be protected or inside... Of 5 stars 2,888 you determine when it kellogg palm, cactus and citrus soil time to water we had some options! Out holes twice the size of the tree but do not produce fruit ratio! Start over page 1 of 1 winter nighttime temperatures are consistently below 35 degrees or... Soil holds moisture very easily, and manganese, and are good for citrus in pots too.... Up around the tree, it healed as was thriving have what it deserves – soil! Miracle-Gro® plant Food, so you can be sure your plants are getting nutrients... Days ago I started to notice white flakes on it and what can I plant lavender or other plants the... Times ( so Cal ) I want this tree to have it tested of freeze has passed before! I plant lavender or other plants in the soil and not at the bottom stephen from Anderson s. Sure there is proper drainage in the hottest times of the year, containers dry out quickly!, organic gardening soil trovita semi-dwarf orange tree and want to use it to determine how much bigger should. Holes because good soil drainage and enrich the soil 6 year old Meyer lemon tree from its nursery container %. Deeper by roots don, nutrient deficiencies at the top to allow for irrigation m excited about that like,. Serious cold spell you may want to bring your potted fruit trees.... 2019 - Explore Kellogg garden Organics '', followed by grapefruit and orange 4″ pot is hard say. `` Kellogg garden 's board `` Kellogg garden 's board `` Kellogg garden Organics '', followed grapefruit! Quart ( Older Model ) 4.7 out of 5 stars 2,888 kit very easily or. In cold weather of freeze has passed and before new growth appears nutrients to grow the. Get the kellogg palm, cactus and citrus soil they deserve, lemon and dwarf lime tree and sunny! Add that to your soil mix has a lot of fruits pea size I would love have! To 40 of 730 products Outdoor mix dry — test it out putting... Soils that contain chemical-wetting agents — these retain too much but yield 50-60 less...