Members of the Executive Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall be Chinese citizens who are permanent residents of the Region with no right of abode in any foreign country. The powers and functions of the district organizations and the method for their formation shall be prescribed by law. The term of office of members of the Executive Council shall not extend beyond the expiry of the term of office of the Chief Executive who appoints them. Except for the appointment, removal and disciplining of officials and the adoption of measures in emergencies, the Chief Executive shall consult the Executive Council before making important policy decisions, introducing bills to the Legislative Council, making subordinate legislation, or dissolving the Legislative Council. In the primaries, traditional parties lost ground in most of the direct constituencies to the localists and radical democrats. Introduction to Law. Addermine is an acoustic sensor system which uses the LAW 80 as a kill mechanism to create an anti-armour off-route mine. ", https://web.archive.org/web/20040927085242/http://www.army.mod.uk/equipment/pw/pw_law.htm, Starstreak SAM (shoulder launched or 3-shot multiple launcher), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=LAW_80&oldid=992626942, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from June 2010, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at 07:59. See Interpretation of Paragraph 2, Article 53 of the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China by the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (Adopted at the Fifteenth Session of the Standing Committee of the Tenth National People's Congress on 27 April 2005) (see, Interpretation of Article 104 of the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China by the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (Adopted by the Standing Committee of the Twelfth National People’s Congress at its Twenty-fourth Session on 7 November 2016) (see. Judges and other members of the judiciary of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall be chosen on the basis of their judicial and professional qualities and may be recruited from other common law jurisdictions. This note has been designed to develop among learners an insight into various legal processes and practices.This would sensitize the learners to the socioeconomic, political legal, ethical and moral values emerging national and global concerns so as to enable them to become law abiding, responsible citizens and agent of democratic governance. During the period of vacancy, his or her duties shall be assumed according to the provisions of the preceding paragraph. The President of the Legislative Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall be a Chinese citizen of not less than 40 years of age, who is a permanent resident of the Region with no right of abode in any foreign country and has ordinarily resided in Hong Kong for a continuous period of not less than 20 years. The ultimate aim is the selection of the Chief Executive by universal suffrage upon nomination by a broadly representative nominating committee in accordance with democratic procedures. The power of final adjudication of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall be vested in the Court of Final Appeal of the Region, which may as required invite judges from other common law jurisdictions to sit on the Court of Final Appeal. They are subjective public rights with the constitutional rank which bind all institutions and functions of the state. When he or she, with no valid reason, is absent from meetings for three consecutive months without the consent of the President of the Legislative Council; When he or she loses or renounces his or her status as a permanent resident of the Region; When he or she accepts a government appointment and becomes a public servant; When he or she is bankrupt or fails to comply with a court order to repay debts; When he or she is convicted and sentenced to imprisonment for one month or more for a criminal offence committed within or outside the Region and is relieved of his or her duties by a motion passed by two-thirds of the members of the Legislative Council present; and. It shall function independently and be accountable to the Chief Executive. Do' s and Don’ts Most people would agree that the law governs human behaviour by rules. The LAW 80 (Light Anti-armour Weapon 80), sometimes erroneously referred to as LAW 94, is a man-portable, disposable anti-tank weapon currently in use by the British Army and a few other militaries. Upon firing, the .22 cartridge case pushes out of the back of the 7.62 mm casing, unlocking the breech of the spotting rifle in a form of primer actuation.[1]. 2. These foreign nationals shall be employed only in their individual capacities and shall be responsible to the government of the Region. Fundamental rights (German: Grundrechte) are guaranteed in Germany by the Federal Constitution and in some state constitutions.In the Basic Law, most fundamental rights are guaranteed in the first section of the same name (Articles 1 to 19). For example paying taxes or … Members of the Legislative Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall be immune from legal action in respect of their statements at meetings of the Council. article 4 of the Basic Law of the Knesset (on the system of electing the Knesset members, this can only be amended by a majority of 61 of the 120 Knesset members) article 44 (which prevents the amendment of the law by means of the Emergency Regulation, and can only be amended by a … The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall be the executive authorities of the Region. However, permanent residents of the Region who are not of Chinese nationality or who have the right of abode in foreign countries may also be elected members of the Legislative Council of the Region, provided that the proportion of such members does not exceed 20 percent of the total membership of the Council. To fire the rocket, the firer moves a charge lever forward with his firing hand thumb. Full citation: Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany in the revised version published in the Federal Law Gazette Part III, classification number 100-1, as last amended by Article 1 of the Act of 28 March 2019 (Federal Law Gazette I p. 404). Basic Law Enforcement Equivalency Academy Syllabus (BLEEA) 80 Hour (Updated June 2020) What is an “80%” or “unfinished” receiver? The rocket motor burns out before it leaves the launch tube, the resulting blast being directed rearwards from the launch tube. 27. The Chief Executive may dissolve the Legislative Council only once in each term of his or her office. Basic Law: the Knesset Passed on February 12, 1958, by the Third Knesset. In the case of the appointment or removal of judges of the Court of Final Appeal and the Chief Judge of the High Court of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, the Chief Executive shall, in addition to following the procedures prescribed in Articles 88 and 89 of this Law, obtain the endorsement of the Legislative Council and report such appointment or removal to the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress for the record. 1 ... Citizens, pursuant to this Basic Statute and the conditions and provisions prescribe. The Legislative Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall be the legislature of the Region. The Chief Executive, on assuming office, shall declare his or her assets to the Chief Justice of the Court of Final Appeal of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. The Executive Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall be an organ for assisting the Chief Executive in policy-making. The Chief Executive of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall be the head of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and shall represent the Region. (The CDC data includes other categories as well, such as unintentional gun deaths and those involving police or other law enforcement agents.) In the late 1940s, Dr. Joseph M. Juran—a product quality guru of that era—attributed the 80/20 Rule to Pareto and called it the Pareto Principle or Pareto Law. Planning would be so easy.But that isn’t always the case:The 80/20 rule observes that most things have an unequal distribution. If the Legislative Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region refuses to pass the budget introduced by the government, the Chief Executive may apply to the Legislative Council for provisional appropriations. Concepts of Law and Right “Law”, as a word, originally comes from Arabian language in Turkish and means “Rights”, “Right” means an authority given to persons by law for having, doing or not doing something, also sense to“God”, “Rightness” in Turkish, “Law” is … 20% of employees are responsible for 80% of the results; 20% of students have grades 80% or higher; And so on…. If appropriation of public funds cannot be approved because the Legislative Council has already been dissolved, the Chief Executive may, prior to the election of the new Legislative Council, approve provisional short-term appropriations according to the level of expenditure of the previous fiscal year. He then provided an example of a 50-year-old man who went on a two-week trip to the U.S. and could purchase the basic portion of his insurance for $42. The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall exercise the following powers and functions: The Department of Justice of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall control criminal prosecutions, free from any interference. If the Legislative Council passes the original bill again by not less than a two-thirds majority of all the members, the Chief Executive must sign and promulgate it within one month, or act in accordance with the provisions of Article 50 of this Law. To enact, amend or repeal laws in accordance with the provisions of this Law and legal procedures; To examine and approve budgets introduced by the government; To approve taxation and public expenditure; To receive and debate the policy addresses of the Chief Executive; To raise questions on the work of the government; To debate any issue concerning public interests; To endorse the appointment and removal of the judges of the Court of Final Appeal and the Chief Judge of the High Court; To receive and handle complaints from Hong Kong residents; If a motion initiated jointly by one-fourth of all the members of the Legislative Council charges the Chief Executive with serious breach of law or dereliction of duty and if he or she refuses to resign, the Council may, after passing a motion for investigation, give a mandate to the Chief Justice of the Court of Final Appeal to form and chair an independent investigation committee. ATF routinely collaborates with the firearms industry and law enforcement to monitor new technologies and current manufacturing trends that could potentially impact the safety of the public. To be responsible for the implementation of this Law and other laws which, in accordance with this Law, apply in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region; To sign bills passed by the Legislative Council and to promulgate laws; To decide on government policies and to issue executive orders; To nominate and to report to the Central People's Government for appointment the following principal officials: Secretaries and Deputy Secretaries of Departments, Directors of Bureaux, Commissioner Against Corruption, Director of Audit, Commissioner of Police, Director of Immigration and Commissioner of Customs and Excise; and to recommend to the Central People's Government the removal of the above-mentioned officials; To appoint or remove judges of the courts at all levels in accordance with legal procedures; To appoint or remove holders of public office in accordance with legal procedures; To implement the directives issued by the Central People's Government in respect of the relevant matters provided for in this Law; To conduct, on behalf of the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, external affairs and other affairs as authorized by the Central Authorities; To approve the introduction of motions regarding revenues or expenditure to the Legislative Council; To decide, in the light of security and vital public interests, whether government officials or other personnel in charge of government affairs should testify or give evidence before the Legislative Council or its committees; To pardon persons convicted of criminal offences or commute their penalties; and. The rounds it uses are quite unusual, consisting of a 9 mm tracer bullet loaded in a necked up 7.62mm NATO shell casing, with a .22 Hornet blank mounted in the base of the larger case, providing the propellant charge. The key point is that each unit of work (or time) doesn’t contribute the same amount.In a perfect world, every employee would contribute the same amount, every bug would be equally important, every feature would be equally loved by users. Article 1[Human dignity – Human rights – Legally binding force of basic rights] Article … Keep in mind the 80/20 principle- The 80/20 principle advocates focus on most important 20%, the right areas or activities. To exercise other powers and functions as prescribed in the rules of procedure of the Legislative Council. O-1E: For O6 and Below is Limited to Level V of the Executive Schedule in Effect During 2020 ($13,341.60). The courts of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall adjudicate cases in accordance with the laws applicable in the Region as prescribed in Article 18 of this Law and may refer to precedents of other common law jurisdictions. The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region must abide by the law and be accountable to the Legislative Council of the Region: it shall implement laws passed by the Council and already in force; it shall present regular policy addresses to the Council; it shall answer questions raised by members of the Council; and it shall obtain approval from the Council for taxation and public expenditure. The specific method for forming the Legislative Council and its procedures for voting on bills and motions are prescribed in Annex II: "Method for the Formation of the Legislative Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Its Voting Procedures". Basic Rights. The written consent of the Chief Executive shall be required before bills relating to government policies are introduced. The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall pay to public servants who retire or who leave the service in compliance with regulations, including those who have retired or who have left the service in compliance with regulations before the establishment of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, or to their dependants, all pensions, gratuities, allowances and benefits due to them on terms no less favourable than before, irrespective of their nationality or place of residence. The Chief Executive of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall be a Chinese citizen of not less than 40 years of age who is a permanent resident of the Region with no right of abode in any foreign country and has ordinarily resided in Hong Kong for a continuous period of not less than 20 years. The term of office of the Chief Executive of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall be five years. The previous system of establishing advisory bodies by the executive authorities shall be maintained. The Legislative Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall be constituted by election. Out of … However, the source law for this section which was in effect in 1949, remained applicable to the Secretaries of the military departments by virtue of section 12(g) of the National Security Act Amendments of 1949 (63 Stat. The 80-20 rule, also known as the Pareto Principle, is an aphorism which asserts that 80% of outcomes (or outputs) result from 20% of all causes (or inputs) for any given event. Basic Law Full Text - chapter (3) Chapter III Fundamental Rights and Duties of the Residents Article 24 Residents of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region ("Hong Kong residents") shall include permanent residents and non-permanent residents. It shall function independently and be accountable to the Chief Executive. The Michigan Legislature Website is a free service of the Legislative Internet Technology Team in cooperation with the Michigan Legislative Council, the Michigan House of Representatives, and the Michigan Senate. The specific method for selecting the Chief Executive is prescribed in Annex I: "Method for the Selection of the Chief Executive of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region". Common law is a procedural law, such that it comprises the set of rules that regulates the court proceedings in various lawsuit. To decide on the agenda, giving priority to government bills for inclusion in the agenda; To call special sessions during the recess; To call emergency sessions on the request of the Chief Executive; and. It forbids certain ways of behaving, for instance stealing, killing or exceeding speed limits and prescribes others. The method for forming the Legislative Council shall be specified in the light of the actual situation in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and in accordance with the principle of gradual and orderly progress. The head of the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall be the Chief Executive of the Region. Basic rules No person shall drive a vehicle at a speed greater than is reasonable and prudent under the conditions and having regard for the actual and potential hazards then existing. But why does it matter? This simply means that the document has thick paper covers attached to front and back and is bound with a plastic binder at the left side. Notes on the Officer Positions. He or she may serve for not more than two consecutive terms. Article 80 The courts of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region at all levels shall be the judiciary of the Region, exercising the judicial power of the Region. Content. The Chief Executive of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region must be a person of integrity, dedicated to his or her duties. The rocket then coasts to the target, arming itself after it has passed a certain arming distance. Members of the judiciary shall be immune from legal action in the performance of their judicial functions. The Legislative Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall be composed of Chinese citizens who are permanent residents of the Region with no right of abode in any foreign country. The warhead is a HEAT shaped charge and could penetrate 700 mm (28 in) of rolled homogeneous armour at 90 degrees, as was taught to soldiers trained on the weapon system in the British Army, Royal Navy (Royal Marines) and RAF Regiment. The law determines that the Knesset is the house of representatives of the State of Israel, that its seat is in Jerusalem and that upon election it should include 120 members. scenario management trng: 23602: bailiff and court security: 30770: basic course - module i (int) 00151: basic course - module ii (int) 00141: basic course - module iii (int) 00134: basic course-intensive: 00100: baton/impact weapons instructor: 21265 The quorum for the meeting of the Legislative Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall be not less than one half of all its members. Public servants must be dedicated to their duties and be responsible to the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. Hong Kong's previous system of recruitment, employment, assessment, discipline, training and management for the public service, including special bodies for their appointment, pay and conditions of service, shall be maintained, except for any provisions for privileged treatment of foreign nationals. The criminal justice system encompasses the entire criminal process itself -- from investigation and arrest to conviction and sentencing-- and the people who play a role in that process. It can also be command detonated from up to 200 m away, or 2 km via a laser optical link. The courts of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall exercise judicial power independently, free from any interference. #When assuming office, the Chief Executive, principal officials, members of the Executive Council and of the Legislative Council, judges of the courts at all levels and other members of the judiciary in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region must, in accordance with law, swear to uphold the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and swear allegiance to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China. A bill passed by the Legislative council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region may take effect only after it is signed and promulgated by the Chief Executive. The method for selecting the Chief Executive shall be specified in the light of the actual situation in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and in accordance with the principle of gradual and orderly progress. A Commission of Audit shall be established in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. Beijing's offices in Hong Kong declared the primaries to be "illegal" and later to be a "blatant challenge" to the Basic Law and national security law, forcing the organisers to withdraw from further election coordination. The Principle may not have become a household term, but the 80/20 rule is certainly cited to this day to describe economic inequity. 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