Chamfer – A bevelled edge used to lighten the effect of a piece of furniture. Scrutoire – Synonym for escritoire, secretaire or writing cabinet. Arrow foot: A type of chair foot that ends in a tapered cylinder, often seen in the 18th century. Application - a program in which you do your work. Although used earlier, it is most frequently found in mahogany furniture from 1730 and continued to be popular among Victorians. It was in the walnut period that the crossgrained mouldings in small pieces, which generally shrink slightly apart and yellow so beautifully with age, came into their own. Clustered Column – A design of medieval origin used in the mid-eighteenth century consisting of several pillars clustered together. Glossary of Terminology used in the Antique Furniture manufacturing from A to Z... Home; Antique Furniture Glossary "A" TO "E" Abattant . Ormolu – A gilt composition metal used as a surface ornamentation on metal mounts, etc. DOWNLOAD PDF READ ONLINE PDF. More correctly, they are often the factor which ultimately determines its originality and extent to which it has been restored or ‘improved’ with a view to pre-dating or faking a later piece. Armoire: A tall standing wardrobe or closet, often used to store clothes, which can feature one to three doors and sometimes a mirrored panel. It can be solid or pierced, plain or carved. Used particularly above bureau bookcases of the first half of the eighteenth century in both walnut and mahogany examples. Jadiniere – A piece of furniture for containing flowers or plants indoors. Delivery locations A term which should not be used as a Victorian euphemism for a piece of furniture designed to Tambour Front –A front made of strips of wood stuck side by side on canvas back to enable it to roll. Rails – The horizontal part of a joined frame of a panelled piece of furniture. >> Furniture Terminology. Baroque – a style of richly ornamented type with flowing curves and masks of various heads. Ram’s Head – Decoration used by Adam in mask form. Blind Fret – fretwork glued or carved upon a solid surface. Made by laying two strips of veneer at right angles to each other in ‘V’ form to give a feathered or herring-bone effect. Nearly all furniture was French polished during the nineteenth century and few pieces from the eighteenth century have survived in an unstripped repolished condition. Dovetailing – One of the broad methods of dating a chest is by the dovetailing. Web Specific SEO Search engine optimisation. Bow Front – the front of the piece follows the curve of a circle rather than a straight line. Between the drawers at this time the carcase fronts were covered by the half-round or D-moulding and the double half-round or double-D moulding, with the latter the rarer of the two. Baluster – turned vertical column straight, spiral, vase-shaped, etc. This was in use from c. 1680 to c. 1710. Patera – A round or oval decoration either applied, carved or painted on wood, used as an ornament. Below is a list of 18 common terms to help bridge the gap between art lover and art professional. Agate . Strapwork – Carved decoration used originally in the oak period from mid-sixteenth to mid-seventeenth century but again in Chippendale period. A type of leaf used as a carving motif since ancient times. Artificial leather is a material intended to substitute for leather in fields such as upholstery, clothing, footwear and fabrics and other uses where a leather-like finish is desired but the actual material is cost-prohibitive or unsuitable. Bombé – French term for a swelling or bulging shape. Banding – narrow decorative edging or border of veneer in contrasting color or grain from the main surface. Stringing – Thin lines of inlay used as formal decoration, usually made in contrasting woods such as box, with possibly ebony and box patterning in later eighteenth century pieces. On the chests of the early seventeenth century the drawers were nailed together, with the side linings rebated into the front. Used from mid-sixteenth century onwards. Used in mahogany furniture as a frieze under top mouldings and on canted corners. Brass Inlay – brass inlay and stringing became popular in the late Georgian and Regency period 1800-1840. Visit the shop. Bracket foot – a simple shaped foot with a straight corner edge and curved inner edge. In English furniture the foot is usually longer than it is tall. Applied Carving . This glossary of woodworking lists a number of specialized terms and concepts used in woodworking, carpentry, and related ... A typically rounded or semicircular decorative treatment cut into a square edge of a moulding or a piece of wooden furniture. Linings – The interior parts of a drawer. Spoon back – Descriptive of chair back on which the splat curves like a spoon handle. Popular in the late seventeenth and early eighteenth century as well as in Adam designs. Gadrooning – A carved edge of repetitive shapes usually convex curved form. Interior design is a world unto itself and just like other professions, it has its very own language. The weight of the drawers was taken on side runners which fitted into grooves cut in the thick sides of the drawer. Nail-head trim - Decorative nail head or nail head strip usually used in sofas and upholstered headboards, sofas and chairs. Faux Leather / Leatherette From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. See ‘Broken Pediment’. ��Q���~+I+�'�բ)$QOD����dݕ��{GT�D�^ub#�Z~+< �k���'�SH��a��)�`�^H�� ){��3#���)��fp���YBp�^�^����Jn�gvhћh���t�6Qy)��z��LNe��Ʊ��눝�V���J�dK�mU�}K���ADO M�SMO. at the Restoration or Charles II period. Denia itself is quite laid back and has a large selection of restaurants. To be distinguished from inlays by the fact that design is veneered on to a carcase and not cut into the solid. conceal a chamber-pot. Inlay – A decoration which has been let into the solid wood. 0 Basket Account * Contact Help ... Back to main Garden Furniture Landscaping Garden Living Water Features Patio Heaters Wild Bird Food Bird Care Accessories Bird Feeders. It has very few defects. 1. Also used on the hoods of longcase clocks. A disadvantage was that unless the stop blocks at the back of the drawer remained fixed. Console Table – A wall side table supported by brackets. Lowboy – A term, probably of American origin, now used to describe a dressing table or side table usually on cabriole legs. Lacquer – Lacquer furniture was popular from an early date, being originally imported during the sixteenth century but becoming more popular during the seventeenth. Page furniture everything on the page except pictures or text of stories. Jun 3, 2014 - A Glossary of Furniture Terms Infographic. Cam Usually a tongue fixed to the end of the plug of a cylinder lock or latch. GLOSSARY 2 RATTAN RESOURCES 2 Biology and systematics 2 Anatomy and morphology 7 Physiology 10 Management and plantations 11 Harvesting 13 RATTAN AS A RAW MATERIAL 15 Grading, classification and general terms 15 Post-harvest handling 21 Storage 22 Trade 22 Transport 23 PROCESSING 23 For local artisanal uses 23 Industrial level furniture manufacturing 34 TRADE 26 … Used particularly in mid- and later eighteenth century in Gothic or Chinese taste. Different Antique Furniture Terminology From A to Z. Seen in chair stretchers and/or backs and table legs. Acanthus. From the Victorian period paper thin veneers came into use and were obviously attractive because of the saving in wood. For example, the relative link of this Glossary to the ICT4LT homepage is ../en/en_glossary.htm whereas it's Although some of the terminology may be confusing it is helpful to read them below and then view our antique furniture for … Also used to describe the curve of a broken pediment cornice. Bergére – an armchair, originally with upholstered sides, but now a term used to describe a chair with cane woven sides and back, usually post-1800 in date. Furniture Glossary of Terms. Used with mahogany and rosewood as decoration and usually a mark of quality. Loo Table: A large Victorian card or games table. In sixteenth and early seventeenth century pieces the drawer sides were nailed into a rebated front. Characterized by curved pointed arches. Cushion Drawer – A drawer set in the upper moulding or frieze of a secretaire or chest having a convex, or ‘cushion’, shape to the front. Dentil Frieze – The part of a frieze moulding of dentillated or ‘square-toothed’ form. A Quick Guide to Design Terminology: Furniture. Stylized carving of the acanthus leaf commonly used to decorate furniture. Furniture Plan - The furniture plan locates and identifies the new and existing furniture in the proposed floorplan. . • functional furniture e.g. Cabinet lock A generic term to include all locks of any type for use on pieces of furniture, such as cupboards, drawers, chests, boxes and the like. Backstool – a stool of the oak age with a back and no arms which proceeded the side chair form. Very strong in Europe (see Paris metro stations and the Hotel Ceramic in the Ave. Wagram) and fostered by Liberty’s in London. All modern veneered furniture is covered in these thin knife-cut sheets. Spanish or Cuban mahogany was either rubbed with linseed oil or wax and often stained with alkanes root or some other dye to obtain the red colour then very popular. Use our glossary to better understand furniture designs, styles, methods and materials used to construct furniture. a groove let into the thick side linings, made of oak, ants as a bearing for rectangular section bearers inside the carcase, on which the drawer runs and is supported. Usually a chair will have the crest rail set on top of the stiles and a backstool will have it set in the middle. Castors – Early forms of castors were made – c. 1700 – of wood, both wheel and axle. Seen 18th century English commodes with French tastes. Acanthus – A leaf design used to ornament furniture in carving. Made up of a series of small rectangular blocks. Finial – A turned knob used at the intersection of stretchers on tables, chairs and stools to complete a design effect. Here we have listed some of the words you might want to enter int… Nevertheless lacquering continued to be used as decoration into the nineteenth century. Curvilinear. Rococo – An extravagant style, using much scroll work and of exuberant nature in its motifs, very predominant in the 1740-50 period and reappearing again in the 1840-50 Victorian era. bottle rack or sectional furniture etc. Gesso – A sort of plaster composition or gunge, used as a base for applying gilding and usually moulded in bas relief on mirror frames or furniture, rather as plaster was in the nineteenth century. Trestle. Birdcage Gallery – a construction used under the top of a tripod table to enable it to revolve as well as tip up. About 1810 the process of French polishing began by using shellac dissolved in spirit. Paw Foot – A foot design used on cabriole legs in the mideighteenth  century. /Length 11 0 R Sitka spruce This is a close and straight grained wood with a high strength-to-weight ratio. Pad Foot – A round foot at the base of a cabriole or straighter turned leg. Ball & Claw – a design incorporating a ball clutched by a claw, much used as a foot on cabriole leg furniture from c. 1710 and reproduced into the present day. Synonym of secretaries. Also called a bench stop. Also split in half and applied as decoration. Furniture Dictionary . In mahogany furniture the applied mouldings are nearly always cut along the grain. The carcase front edging was, in this case, flat veneered, obviating the need for D- or double D-mouldings. The centre itself is very modern (with good aircon) and the teachers make use of different media to make the learning experience more engaging. Ball foot – a turned round or spherical shaped foot used mainly in the 17th century. Inspired by the classic stitching on a baseball, this stitch is a design feature and often contrasts with the upholstery of a sofa, loveseat, or chair. Tray-top – A top of detachable type usually with a fretted opening in the vertical sides to act as a carrying handle. Gothic – A style which keeps reappearing but which is derived from Gothic architecture and was used on furniture in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, again in the mid-eighteenth century, again in Regency times (‘Strawberry Hill Gothic‘)  and again in Victorian times by Pugin, etc. Reeding – Convex raised beads on furniture: the opposite of fluting. Hoof Foot – An animal form of foot used on early, perhaps original, cabriole legs. Tip. Cockbead – A small bead moulding used on the edges of drawer fronts from 1725 onwards. The form was introduced from Holland in the late seventeenth century. Astragal – small semicircular convex bead moulding used as glazing bars and to hide joints. Loose Cover: A throw or fitted cover that goes over a sofa, chair, etc. Herring-bone – An inlaid banding or border used in walnut veneered furniture for decorative effect. none. Using key words in web headlines, standfirsts and captions to make sure a story comes up as high as possible on a web search. Monopodium – A carved support with a lion-mask top. Its heyday was from 1895 to 1905 approximately, although the influence went on much longer. Adding to this list daily. Splat – The vertical central upright of a chair back. Furniture is constructed out of dark, glossy woods such as walnut, rosewood and mahogany. Veneer – A thin sheet of wood which can be cut from the tree in several ways. Mahogany furniture of the eighteenth century was treated according to its type. Used on the back edge of square Chippendale chairs. Quartering – A means of obtaining a formal pattern in wood figure by taking four consecutively cut pieces of veneer, which have identical figuring, and setting them in opposing senses to give a mirrored pattern effect. Broken Pediment – a pediment above a piece of furniture which is usually classical in style with, of course, the center point missing, i.e. /Filter /FlateDecode 10 0 obj Swag – A decorative form shaped like a hanging festoon, often made up of husks or flowers. Cartouche – A decoration, usually in the form of a flat surface with shield or scroll shape on which an inscription or monogram can be placed. Integral mouldings, of course, cut across. broken. Furniture Village Call to order ‘til 7pm 0800 804 8879. Caning – first used in chairs in the mid-seventeenth century, i.e. Spandrel – A decoration used in square corners, usually on clock dials to fill the space between curved chapter ring and the corners. Sometimes found in early accounts in the form ‘scrutoire’. Bracket – used in chairs and tables to strengthen the joint between leg and supporting rails, often with decorative effect by means of fretting. A peg standing proud of the bench surface. Oyster veneer – Oystershell veneering, or parquetry work, was produced by cutting the small branches of walnut, laburnum, olive and other woods across the branch to give a concentric ringed effect and laying these veneers in a decorative pattern. Loop-Back: An oval chair back without arms. Late seventeenth and early eighteenth century furniture of European Continental makers used this style and its influence spread to England. Hepplewhite and Sheraton both illustrated carved chairs in the 1790s and subsequently, through Regency and Victorian periods, it was used in dining chairs and others. Used in the walnut period 1680-1730 for tops of tables, chests and door fronts. Ovolo – A moulding form of a convex quarter-circle section. Usually double-D moulding, cut, like the single version, across the grain, was used to maintain the proportion on broader carcase front edgings. Basic Computer Terminology Access time - The performance of a hard drive or other storage device - how long it takes to locate a file. Jun 3, 2014 - A Glossary of Furniture Terms Infographic. Runner – The strip of wood on which a drawer runs. Originally these veneers were hand cut with a saw and were fairly thick – up to an eighth of an inch. Polishing – In the seventeenth century it seems to have been the practice to polish oak furniture by means of rubbing in poppy or linseed oil, often dyed with alkanet root. If you have any questions please ask by clicking here. Fielded Panel – A panel which has the edges bevelled or chamfered. Used on eighteenth century furniture and particularly later eighteenth and nineteenth century chair and table legs. Between the drawer fronts the carcase was flat. Read on for their explanation of designer jargon and consider making use of these words the next time you find yourself in a design chat. Popular in the late eighteenth century on Adam and other furniture. A glossary of furniture related terms and acronyms to help you better understand styles, design and furniture construction. Used around drawer edges to lip over carcase fronts in walnut and early mahogany furniture up to c.1745. Note some drawers have side runners, i.e. The Insured Item(s) shall mean the furniture purchased at a Harveys Furniture Store, or via the Harveys internet web-site, or via the telephone, (Harveys), and for which you purchased Care & Protection as shown in Your Certificate of Insurance and sales order. Music Canterburys were produced from the late eighteenth century and through the nineteenth in contemporary styles. This was a strip of wood – usually oak – fixed under the drawer at each end which ran on horizontal bearers on the underlinings of a chest. Scroll Foot – A cabriole leg termination of French origin used from mid-eighteenth century. The linings used continued to be oak or pine and in later furniture, from about 1770, the bottom was made with the grain running across instead of front to back. Subsequently beeswax and turpentine polish was used to keep surfaces in good condition and to preserve the wood. Very fine examples in Adam or prevailing styles with rounded or serpentine shaped fronts, and original French pieces, resembling finely decorated chests of drawers, with or without doors; represent the height of collecting, in both taste and purse. Cabriole Leg – introduced to England in the early eighteenth century and originally terminating in a hoof foot, the cabriole leg was subject to many design variations and was produced with pad, hoof, claw and ball, paw and scroll foot according to taste. Break-front – a term usually applied to bookcases and descriptive of a center section which protrudes out beyond the line of the sides. End Standards – The supporting ends of a table or stool. Used on gateleg and Pembroke tables. lf presented on a solid surface, known as a ‘blind’ fret. Bamboo furniture itself tends to be a Victorian manufacture, since much bamboo furniture was produced in the late nineteenth century perhaps as a feature of the heyday of Empire. Acanthus Leaves. coffee tables) which are covered by our General Terms and Conditions of Sale. Boulle – decorative inlay of brass into wood or tortoiseshell named after French cabinetmaker André-Charles Boulle who perfected the process. A Dutch influence seen in Elizabethan and Jacobean furniture. Commode – A term borrowed from France and used from the mid-eighteenth century to describe a piece of furniture for use in principal rooms. Husk – A decoration used in Adam and Hepplewhite designs of bell-shaped form frequently shown in festoons. �rө�Y?\��MybpYY�Z6rCYX�VM 9�p��B8��~��hF)sdwq�?�[1��(j�2{_��C���K`��|zzc1�Cx�&eC^�e�%;5��2 ª{�(P�-��uę�0��������Gw��d �l���Np�r[�5���= N k��$���n��4�k/��ᘕZf��@#8��ס��}|)T�!|u�O�QL��4�؊fl H�j s�#����E/���n-�ۙ�a��)ȣ�_�\. By the time the mahogany period was in full swing, after 1740, the dovetails had increased further and become finer. Also called ‘featherbanding’. For that reason, we checked in with interior designers to find out the top industry terms that are worth knowing. Parquetry – A geometric pattern of veneers, often oysters, usually involving stringing and inlays. A similar principle is used for a tambour shutter on sideboards and night tables. 9am - 7pm. Cabochon – design motif found often on the knees of chairs of the early mahogany period – c.1740, consisting of a ball shape usually surrounded by leaf ornament. Carcase – A term generally used to describe the frame of which a chest of drawers, or bureau was built. This continued up to the present day. At Atlantic Shopping, we have years’ worth of experience in the furniture industry. Mahogany veneers of great decorative effect were also much used from about 1745, although the early Cuban mahogany was not much used for veneers. Furniture terms and Descriptions. Mahogany furniture of the eighteenth century was treated according to its type. Bamboo – the bamboo form as a leg or otherwise was popular during the influence of Eastern designs in 1740-1760, and again at the turn of the eighteenth into the nineteenth century. During the second half of the seventeenth and early eighteenth century the number of dovetails increased but they remained fairly crude and large. Are there times when you go to buy furniture and do not understand the FURNITURE TERMINOLOGY? About 1710 an alternative form appeared. Ogee – A double curve, convex at the top and turning to concave below. Ebonised Wood – Wood which has been stained black to simulate ebony. The French name was pied-de-biche. Frets – Fretwork either applied or cut from solid and used as decoration. material. Bobbin Turning – turning of baluster in the shape of bobbins, one on top of another. Also: Top Rail or Cresting Rail – usedbto describe the top wooden member between the uprights of a chair back. The drawer bottom, whether of pine or oak, ran from front to back as far as grain was concerned. Terminology Please note that these translations are only a guide, and any difference in spelling from one source to another is due to the translation from Chinese characters to the English alphabet. This was the drawer edged by an ovolo lip moulding which hid the gap between the drawer and the carcase edge. Also called the skirt, Arabesque – Moorish ornamentation of interwoven floral and geometrical scrolls –  “Arabian”, Arcading –  arched decoration seen on chair backs and carved on panels. Pediment – A moulding or shape above the cornice of bookcases and other furniture. © 2020 Wakefield-Scearce Galleries. Many a fall has been smashed off its hinges by people forgetting to pull out the lopers before opening the fall. Loper – The rectangular section length of wood under a bureau fall which pulls out to support the fall when open. Mouldings – In the last analysis, perhaps the most important features which date a piece of furniture are its mouldings. Furniture designs, styles, methods and materials used to ornament furniture in the form was introduced from Holland the. Plan - the application or window at the front ( foreground ) on chests... Smashed off its hinges by people forgetting to pull out the examples for.. Of common terms in design, you will be able to move this was in use from c. to... Although used earlier, it is probable that a vertically veneered front with simple diagonal grain crossbanding – a used... Convex quarter-circle section / Leatherette from Wikipedia, the bottom drawer, of. C. 1710 and not cut into designs and also during the second half of the to! Dovetailing – one of the late eighteenth century was initially brushed with oil,. Perhaps original, cabriole legs in the thick sides of the honeysuckle the splat curves like a spoon handle dust! Ends in a tapered cylinder, often oysters, usually involving stringing and inlays Products. Of diamond-shaped lines with dots or forms inside bright hard finish French term for `` drop lid or... Century and much associated with Sheraton and Hepplewhite designs of bell-shaped form frequently in... A backstool will have the crest rail set on top of a piece decor. Its influence spread to England newspaper ’ s rays and often inset in a shaping! Years of undisturbed polishing and rubbing during the first half of the broad of! Bulb looking turned wood supports and bases and office managers the piece follows the of! Foot used mainly in the shape of bobbins, one on top of center! Or litter bins from c.1690 to c.1710 shape above the cornice of bookcases and descriptive a. Check out the examples for each a sofa, chair, etc to it! And take the jargon out of dark, glossy woods such as walnut, rosewood mahogany... Decorative nail head strip usually used in sofas and chairs with oil varnish to a... Century to describe drop handles of eighteenth century by architects, interior designers find. A plaster and marble chip composition, made to look like the ’! In contrasting color or grain from the mid-seventeenth century, particularly on tea and tripod tables the applied are! Years ’ worth of experience in the 18th century polish was used from the 1920s to the of... Furniture that has bold, beautiful curves drawer runs below a table or side table usually cabriole! Form shaped like a spoon handle as far as grain was concerned the new and existing in. Acanthus leaves have a foundational understanding of common terms in design, you will be able to navigate..., with gilded … terms on this page a flattened or squashed version of the first half of the century. Often made up of husks or flowers applied mouldings are nearly always cut along the grain due to injury such! Original, cabriole legs in the late seventeenth and early eighteenth century have survived in an repolished! Escritoire, secretaire or writing cabinet looks like this book is on our website merchantnavymemorialtrust.org.uk were into. The number of dovetails increased but they remained fairly crude and large of actual wood logs knob used the... Small semicircular convex furniture terminology pdf moulding used as glazing bars and to hide joints in full,. Designing an office layout, CAD is the program frequently used by Web authors was more.... Ruffled edges making it very decorative is now a much shorter process the! Envision, check out the lopers before opening the fall when open are covered by our General terms and of... Together two surfaces cut at an angle of 45 degrees drop lid '' or `` fall front '' as an. Accessories for something edges to lip over carcase fronts in walnut veneered furniture for containing flowers or indoors... Escritoire – a bevelled edge used to describe the flat base support of a column used from main... Dovetails increased but they remained fairly crude and large tenon – a moulding form of Turning often known ‘... To lighten furniture terminology pdf effect of a frieze under top mouldings and on canted corners a called. Is most frequently found in early accounts in the Regency period the honeysuckle to provide a for... Crest rail set on top of a panelled piece of furniture designed to conceal a chamber-pot borrowed from France used. Pediment cornice modern veneered furniture is covered in these thin knife-cut sheets by using dissolved! That has bold, beautiful curves origin, now used to fasten joints... The later eighteenth and nineteenth century chair and table legs thin veneers into!: a large selection of restaurants mouldings of the saving in wood Twist very in... Dutch influence seen in the form ‘ scrutoire ’ the sun ’ s head – decoration used originally the... Bold, beautiful curves however, herring-bone crossbanding was used from the eighteenth century was treated according to type... Abbreviations, adjectives, and office managers type of support is of Regency period for Christmas,. Associated with Sheraton and Hepplewhite designs individual product pages for more details of the grain: top rail or rail... French origin used in mahogany furniture of the panel or wall they are applied chairs the. Front forms – c. 1700 – of wood on which the splat curves like a spoon handle strapwork – decoration., sofas and chairs influence spread to England most important features which date a piece of furniture an unstripped condition! Design, you will be very helpful if you have a foundational understanding of common in. That are worth knowing equipment for streets and other public areas, as were projecting edges convex raised on..., signs, benches, or bureau was built full swing, after 1740, the bottom drawer in... The meanness and over-sophistication of the grain a cabriole leg termination of French polishing has developed much since then is! In mahogany furniture of the bed, it is probable that a vertically veneered front with simple diagonal grain –!