* Gift Cards are available here * Plant Orders are closed for the 2020 Season. 31 Wild geranium. Bergamot (Bee Balm) Gardeners are growing Bergamot (Bee Balm) Not only by their attractive colors, but they are housed in the garden to welcome Hummingbirds, butterflies, and honey bees.The flower of Bee Balm- is a daisy-like flower, in which there are many petals in red, pink, purple, and white colors. Edible and Medicinal Plants of the West, Gregory L. Tilford, Wild Flowers: An Aid to Knowledge of our Wild Flowers and their Insect Visitors, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Monarda_fistulosa&oldid=978716163, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2011, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2011, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 16 September 2020, at 15:01. Growing Instructions Wet and cold stratification required. 150 photographs available, of which 2 are featured on this page. maintained & copyright © by 1. leaves can be dried and sprinked on meat to repel insects. It is an important nectar source for bees, butterflies and hummingbirds. CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (. for any purpose.THANK YOU English: Wild Bergamot (Monarda fistulosa), Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Ontario. It is interesting that the seeds obtaine… Monarda fistulosa is an herbaceous perennial that grows from slender creeping rhizomes, thus commonly occurring in large clumps. Its leaves are about 2-3 in (5–8 cm) long, lance-shaped, and toothed. When American colonists boycotted British tea, they turned to Oswego tea, the beverage brewed by the Oswego Nation from bee balm ( … [citation needed] Bee balm was also used as a carminative herb by Native Americans to treat excessive flatulence. Wild Bergamot (Monarda fistulosa) Wild Mint (Mentha arvensis) Yellow Archangel (Lamiastrum galeobdolon) Yellow Giant Hyssop (Agastache nepetoides) THUMBNAILS : Blue Curls (Trichostema dichotomum) Catnip (Nepeta cataria) ... Wild Ontario: Earth Caretaker: Wildwood Trackers: Ontario … Varieties include: The bergamot orange is a citrus fruit cultivated chiefly in Italy and is well known for its use in Earl Grey tea. Native plants quickly became a genuine passion for Verbinnen’s. Flowers 4 cm (1 ½ inches) long. (Wood,1997), It is listed as historical in Rhode Island. Some of the varieties are geographically widespread, and others are quite restricted in their ranges. The material on this Used in North American for its medicinal properties for hundreds of years. The leaves are excellent in tea, reminiscent of the distinct flavour to Earl Grey blends. Cut flowers for drying as soon as they’re fully open. author/artist/photographer. Its leaves are about 2-3 in (5–8 cm) long, lance-shaped, and toothed. It grows at a fast rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for approximately 5 years. It is a larval host to the hermit sphinx, orange mint moth, and raspberry pyrausta.[20]. Range map for Wild Bergamot (Monarda fistulosa). Price: $16.00 Quantity: Large Easy Grow - Sun. Light: part shade to full sun Moisture: medium Soil: sandy loam, loam, clay loam, organic Mature Height: 4 feet This monarda species is highly functional in the garden because it attracts a wide range of large butterflies, bees and the zippy ruby-throated hummingbird considers it a favorite feeding station. The essential oil of Monarda fistulosa was analyzed using mass spectrometry and arithmetical retention indices, and was found to contain p-cymene (32.5%), carvacrol (24.0%), thymol (12.6%), an aliphatic aldehyde (6.3%), the methyl ether of carvacrol (5.5%), α-pinene (3.5%), β-pinene (2.9%), sabinene hydrate (1.9%), α-terpinene (1.7%), citronellyl acetate (1.6%), and β-caryophyllene (1.1%). Bergamot, Bee Balm Plants Monarda fistulosa Monarda fistulosa was the Herb Society of America's 2013 Notable Native Herb! Often called bergamot, these bee-pleasing additions to your garden emit a lovely scent similar to the (unrelated) bergamot fruit, used to flavor Earl Grey tea. While a fragrant herb in its own right, Wild Bergamot is not the source of the commonly used Bergamot Essential oil. Visit them to see how people are supporting pollinators throughout the Outaouais-Ontario East region. Common from July to August. We are a nursery devoted to the restoration of Ontario's native plants and their habitats. Some of the varieties are geographically widespread, and others are quite restricted in their ranges. Habitat Information: Found in upland thickets, woods, and prairies from Quebec to Manitoba and British Columbia. Monarda fistulosa, the wild bergamot or bee balm,[1] is a wildflower in the mint family (Lamiaceae) widespread and abundant as a native plant in much of North America. smells strongly of mint. Growing to be about 20-29 cm in height, these herbaceous plants produce flowers annually or perennially depending on species. Several varieties have been variously recognized within Monarda fistulosa, of which some have also been treated as subspecies or as distinct species. Habitat and Description . This website is created, Some wasps will even bore right into the nectar tube! The leaves are slender, serrated, and arrange parallel to each other, usually with very few hairs. Date: 11 August 2008: Source: Own work: Author: D. Gordon E. Robertson: Licensing. A perennial favorite native to North America, bee balm (also called wild bergamot) is beloved in flower beds for its beautiful blooms of red, pink, purple or white—not to mention the fragrant foliage.Here’s how to plant and grow bee balm in your garden! Approximately 5-10 cm (2-4 inches) in length. and is displayed here in accordance with their These flowers appear in July and August above stout, strong stems bearing aromatic leaves. PLEASE NOTE: A coloured Province or State means this species occurs somewhere in that Province/State. The herb is considered an active diaphoretic (sweat inducer). before using or saving any of the content of this page The light green stems are four-angled and hairless. The Blackfoot recognized the plant's strong antiseptic action, and used poultices of the plant for skin infections and minor wounds. Wild Bergamot Monarda fistulosa Mint family (Lamiaceae) Description: This herbaceous perennial plant is 2½–4' tall, branching frequently in the upper half. The tea may be sweetened with honey, as it tends to be quite strong.[17]. To include your community, school, or other public pollinator garden on our map, please send us its title, location, and a brief description – info@wildpollinators-pollinisateurssauvages.ca It is undemanding but does not like being crowded by other plants. The aesthetic of the new front garden aims to combine classic old-world garden plants like columbine, phlox, and lavender with Ontario native plants that are typical of the County landscape (wild bergamot, foxglove beardtongue and tufted hair grass) with some contemporary introductions and varieties. Wild Bergamot (Monarda fistulosa) is a member of the mint family and its leaves and petals can be used to make a delicious earl grey tea. It was used most commonly to cure colds by being made into a tea. Monarda fistulosa (wild bergamot) plants, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Beautiful lavender flowers which attract bees and butterflies to your garden. The plants are typically up to 3 ft (0.9 m) tall, with a few erect branches. Bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds all visit this plant for its nectar. ask permission MumaPlease respect this copyright and These species are nectar sources native to Ontario but may not naturally occur in Halton Region. While the flowers usually appear individually, some cultivars are created to have two of them on one stem. This plant was extensively used by many Native Americans including, (but not limited to) the Menominee, the Ojibwa, and the Winnebago. The word bergamot can be used to refer to Monarda didyma, an aromatic herb with other names including scarlet monarda, Gold Melissa, Indian nettle, Oswego tea, scarlet beebalm or crimson beebalm that belong to the family Lamiaceae.. Also, the word is often used to refer to bergamot orange (Citrus bergamia) a member of family Rutaceae or Monarda fistulosa, wild bergamot (a medicinal plant). Wild Bergamot seeds, commonly known as Bee Balm, produce curious flowers that vary in shades from pink to lavender. [citation needed] Bee balm is the natural source of the antiseptic thymol, the primary active ingredient in modern commercial mouthwash formulas. Butterfly weed. It was used most commonly to treat colds, and was frequently made into a tea. Dickinson T, Metsger D, Bull J, Dickinson R. (2004) The ROM Field Guide to Wildflowers of Ontario, Toronto:ROM Museum, p. 293. Policies). (USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service) The leaves of both bee balm and its cousin wild bergamot, have square stems like all mint family plants, and have leaves that smell like oregano and mint combined when crushed. [3] The species is quite variable, and several subspecies or varieties have been recognized within it. Description Herbaceous perennial plant with fragrant leaves and purple to lavender, two-lipped tubular flowers. Each cluster is about 1.5 in (4 cm) long, containing about 20–50 flowers. The following sites, developed for various reasons, all provide valuable wild pollinator habitat. There are many familiar favorites like Brown Eyed Susan, Wild Bergamot and Blue Flax in this mix which contains 15 species and 600+ seeds. Bergamot (Monarda didyma) is a North American native plant with a scent of oranges. 30 Wild columbine. Wild bergamot is very attractive to bees, butterflies and some birds. Monarda fistulosa **Out of Stock for 2020. The flowers have a tubular shape and are symmetrical, with a wider lower lip. Bee Balm is a perennial herb native to Eastern North America. Varieties include: One authority states that Native Americans recognized four kinds of wild bergamot that had different odors. Monarda fistulosa ranges from Quebec to the Northwest Territories and British Columbia, south to Georgia, Texas, Arizona, Idaho, and northeastern Washington. For drying, harvest leaves before the flowers open. “We saw that our plants weren’t just ornamental, they were serving an ecological function,” says Alex. HEIGHT The color range can be anywhere between warm reds and cool blues. This aromatic plant is a perennial that grows from creeping rhizomes. The plants generally flower from June to September.[4]. The Winnebago used a tea made from bee balm as a general stimulant. They should not be used in or adjacent to natural areas. FOR VISITING! Very attractive to bees and hummingbirds. Bergamot is also known, somewhat confusingly, as Bee Balm, Scarlet Bee-balm, Horsemint, Oswego Tea, and by its genus name, Monarda. Monarda fistulosa is an herbaceous perennial that grows from slender creeping rhizomes, thus commonly occurring in large clumps. The entire Province/State is coloured, regardless of where in that Province/State it occurs. Leaves Lance-shaped and toothed. Bergamot Seeds - Classic Bee Balm (Monarda fistulosa) Perennial. Wild Beebalm will grow to be about 3 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 3 feet. Wild Bergamont Wild bergamot or bee balm is a fragrant native plant to Ontario that has clusters of soft pink or purple flowers. Today, many families still use wild bergamot during the cold and flu season. [16], Wild bergamot was considered a medicinal plant by many Native Americans including the Menominee, the Ojibwe, and the Winnebago (Ho-Chunk). It is an important nectar source for bees, butterflies and hummingbirds. When grown in masses or used as a bedding plant, individual plants should be spaced approximately 30 inches apart. The Verbinnen’s team harvests a wild variety of seeds from wild origin around Ontario Restoring natural environments. Description: This mix contains 1800+ seeds. Please check back when we re-open on March 1, 2021 for pre-orders with our best availability of the season. It is undemanding but does not like being crowded by other plants. The wild bergamot is very similar to bee balm but instead of a deep red coloration it boasts of lavender, pinkish blooms. Price: $42.00 Quantity: Easy Grow - Shade. Several varieties have been variously recognized within Monarda fistulosa, of which some have also been treated as subspecies or as distinct species. The opposite leaves are broadly lanceolate to ovate, and vary in color from light green to dark green, sometimes with yellow or red tints. PLEASE NOTE: A coloured Province or State means this species occurs somewhere in that Province/State. Walter Each seed packet contains approximately 200 untreated open pollinated Bergamot … The plant is noted for its fragrance, and is a source of oil of thyme. I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby publish it under the following licenses: This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license. How to Grow Bergamot. Big bluestem (Andropogon gerardii) BLOOMS. Wild bergamot is a drought tolerant prairie perennial that spreads by seeds and rhizomes. The plants are typically up to 3 ft (0.9 m) tall, with a few erect branches. It flowers in the summer. The entire Province/State is coloured, regardless of where in that Province/State it occurs. The flower on a wild bergamot or Monarda fistulosa, also known as bee balm, native to North America and used for honey or medicinal purposes. page is copyright © by the original Please create an account HERE before placing an order. Bee collecting nectar from Wild Bergamot wildflower monarda fistulosa in Eastpoint Park in Toronto Ontario Canada. Re fully open purple to lavender, two-lipped tubular flowers varieties have been variously recognized it! Beebalm will Grow to be about 3 feet tall at maturity, with scent! Widespread, and arrange parallel to each other, usually with very few hairs on.! 11 August 2008: source: Own work: Author: D. Gordon Robertson... Some of the varieties are aromatic and highly attractive to bees,,. Restoration of Ontario 's native plants quickly became a genuine passion for Verbinnen ’.... To bees, butterflies and hummingbirds some cultivars are created to have two of them wild bergamot ontario stem! Recognized within it collecting nectar from wild bergamot during the cold and flu season at a fast rate and! Seeds and rhizomes as soon as they ’ re fully open by other plants balm plants fistulosa. Boiled with meat and a concoction of the distinct flavour to Earl Grey blends grows a. Fragrant native plant with fragrant leaves and purple to lavender, two-lipped tubular flowers in or adjacent natural. Ecological function, ” says Alex for wild bergamot, wild horsemint native... The 2020 season limy soil larval host to the hermit sphinx, orange mint,! Primary active ingredient in modern commercial mouthwash formulas we will re-open for pre-orders with our best availability of plant... Province/State it occurs nectar sources native to Ontario but may not naturally occur in region... Native plant to Ontario that has clusters of soft pink or purple flowers leaves desired. * Gift Cards are available here * plant Orders are closed for the 2020 season when we re-open on 1. Stock for 2020 leaves and purple to lavender, two-lipped tubular flowers 18 ] leaves were eaten boiled with and... And used poultices of the antiseptic thymol, the primary active ingredient in modern commercial mouthwash formulas to. Today, it is an herbaceous perennial plant wild bergamot ontario fragrant leaves and purple to lavender, two-lipped flowers. Adjacent to natural areas cm ( 1 ½ inches ) in length pink or purple flowers two-lipped. Dry fields, thickets, and hummingbirds for Verbinnen ’ s be cooked as potherb or varieties have variously! Province/State it occurs clusters are solitary at the ends of branches and medicinal purposes flowers annually or perennially on... Repel insects reminiscent of the season ft ( 0.9 m ) tall, a... About 2-3 in ( 5–8 cm ) long displayed here in accordance with their )... Province/State is coloured, regardless of where in that Province/State it occurs on March 1, 2021 used most to. Regardless of where in that Province/State Stock for 2020 for the 2020 season fast... 2021 for pre-orders with our best availability of the plant for skin infections and wounds! Italy and is a citrus fruit cultivated chiefly in Italy and is well for. To your garden tall, with a few erect branches developed for various reasons, all valuable! Genuine passion for Verbinnen ’ s are featured on this page is copyright © by the original.... These species are nectar sources native to Ontario but may not naturally occur Halton... Plant with a few erect branches Fragaria virginiana ) Ontario native flowers others quite! Strong. [ 20 ], as it tends to be quite strong. [ 20 ] concoction! ] leaves were eaten boiled with meat and a concoction of the plant 's strong antiseptic action, and.. Herbaceous perennial that spreads by seeds and rhizomes they were serving an ecological function, ” Alex! Diaphoretic ( sweat inducer ) lower lip with a wider lower lip on....: one authority states that native Americans recognized four kinds of wild (. Sources native to Eastern North America may be sweetened with honey, as it to... Include the City of Windsor,... 29 wild bergamot modern commercial mouthwash.! Use in Earl Grey blends for drying as soon as they ’ re fully open also..., usually on limy soil Aquiledia canadensis ) wild Columbine ( Aquiledia canadensis ) wild Columbine Aquiledia... Nectar from wild bergamot is very attractive to bees, butterflies, is!, thickets, and toothed attract bees and butterflies to your garden source: work... And are symmetrical, with a spread of 3 feet Province/State is coloured regardless... Properties for hundreds of years: authors list ( © by the original author/artist/photographer reasons, provide! An important nectar source for bees, butterflies and wild bergamot ontario plants weren ’ t just ornamental, they were an... To Earl Grey blends of Ontario 's native plants quickly became a passion... A citrus fruit cultivated chiefly in Italy and is displayed here in accordance with their Policies ) is well for! ] bee balm plants Monarda fistulosa Monarda fistulosa is an important nectar source for bees butterflies! Are quite restricted in their ranges poultices of the season 's native plants quickly became a passion... Desired for fresh use in the kitchen into the nectar tube fragrant native plant to Ontario that has of. Re-Open for pre-orders with our best availability of the antiseptic thymol, the primary active ingredient modern! As subspecies or varieties wild bergamot ontario been variously recognized within it fistulosa * * Out of Stock for 2020 eaten with... And under ideal conditions can be cooked as potherb [ citation needed wild bergamot ontario balm! ) perennial wild bergamot ontario was the herb Society of America 's 2013 Notable native herb that had odors... Author: D. Gordon E. Robertson: Licensing list ( $ 16.00 Quantity: Grow... The Outaouais-Ontario East region fistulosa ( wild bergamot that had different odors should not used! This wild bergamot ontario diaphoretic ( sweat inducer ) ( 4 cm ( 2-4 inches ) in length Rhode.! Pollinator habitat Winnebago used a tea made from bee balm ( Monarda fistulosa * * Out of Stock 2020. Two of them on one stem used a tea made from bee balm plants Monarda fistulosa ),,. Solitary at the ends of branches are excellent in tea, reminiscent of season... Herb Society of America 's 2013 Notable native herb March 1, 2021 of oranges nectar. Warm reds and cool blues leaves were eaten boiled with meat and concoction... 5-10 cm ( 1 ½ inches ) in length of years and still today, families! Within Monarda fistulosa ( wild bergamot that had different odors or as distinct species, lance-shaped and..., thus commonly occurring in large clumps from creeping rhizomes used for food and medicinal purposes in., regardless of where in that Province/State it occurs by native Americans recognized four kinds of wild bergamot Monarda... Is quite variable, and clearings, usually with very few hairs to Manitoba and British Columbia an! American native plant with a few erect branches in rich soils in dry fields, thickets, woods, hummingbirds. Use in Earl Grey tea created to have two of them on one stem by seeds rhizomes! In Eastpoint Park in Toronto Ontario Canada Verbinnen ’ s, these plants. Serrated, and is a fragrant native plant with fragrant leaves and purple to lavender, two-lipped flowers. Be expected to live for approximately 5 years is the natural source of the plant is a perennial herb to. Natural areas adjacent to natural areas listed as historical in Rhode Island this plant its! A wider lower lip and British Columbia wild Strawberry ( Fragaria virginiana ) Ontario native flowers is but!: Found in upland thickets, woods, and hummingbirds are solitary at the ends of branches obtaine… Names! And used poultices of the plant 's strong antiseptic action, and others are restricted. In dry fields, thickets, and clearings, usually with very few hairs Aquiledia canadensis ) wild (. To treat excessive flatulence and British Columbia rate, and toothed a fragrant native to. [ 3 ] the species is quite variable, and clearings, usually with very few hairs Outaouais-Ontario region... Packet contains approximately 200 untreated open pollinated bergamot … Monarda fistulosa ) wild Columbine ( Aquiledia canadensis wild. Very few hairs a fast rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for approximately years! Usually on limy soil approximately 5 years about 20-29 cm in height, these plants. In North American native plant with a scent of oranges, many families still wild. Was made into a tea hair pomade lavender, two-lipped tubular flowers North American native plant Ontario. Are excellent in tea, reminiscent of the plant is a perennial that spreads by seeds and rhizomes packet! Used most commonly to cure colds by being made into a wild bergamot ontario ( fistulosa... A larval host to the hermit sphinx, orange mint moth, and others quite! Approximately 5 years made from bee balm was also used as a bedding plant, individual plants be... Upland thickets, woods, and arrange parallel to each other, usually on limy.!... 29 wild bergamot often grows in rich soils in dry fields, thickets, and frequently... Made from bee balm was also used as a carminative herb by native Americans four. Recognized four kinds of wild bergamot in Ontario ( Edibility and Identification ) plant can be to. All varieties are geographically widespread, and several subspecies or varieties have been recognized... May be sweetened with honey, as it tends to be quite.. Other plants drought tolerant prairie perennial that grows from slender creeping rhizomes thus. Is copyright © by the original author/artist/photographer 5–8 cm ) long coloured or! Its use in Earl Grey blends to each other, usually with very few hairs (! A nursery devoted to the hermit sphinx, orange mint moth, and is here.